Monthly Archives: September 2017

Immigrants Have the Right to Receive U.S. Health Care

Illegal immigrants form a large and disputed group in many countries. Indeed, even the name is in dispute. People in this group are referred to as illegal immigrants, illegal aliens, irregular migrants, undocumented workers, or, in French, as sans papiers. Whatever they are called, their existence raises an important ethical question: Do societies have an ethical responsibility to provide health care for them and to promote their health?

Medical Care for Illegals Is an Ethical Question

This question often elicits two different answers. Some people-call them nationalists-say that the answer is obviously no. They argue that people who have no right to be in a country should not have rights to benefits in that country. Other people-call them humanists-say that the answer is obviously yes. They argue that all people should have access to health care. It’s a basic human right.

I think both these answers are off the mark. The first focuses too narrowly on what we owe people based on legal rules and formal citizenship. The other answer focuses too broadly, on what we owe people qua human beings. We need a perspective that is in between, that adequately responds to the phenomenon of illegal immigration and adequately reflects the complexity of moral thought. There may be important ethical distinctions, for example, among the following groups: U.S. citizens who lack health insurance, undocumented workers who lack health insurance in spite of working full time, medical visitors who fly to the United States as tourists in order to obtain care at public hospitals, foreign citizens who work abroad for subcontractors of American firms, and foreign citizens who live in impoverished countries. I believe that we-U.S. citizens-have ethical duties in all of these situations, but I see

important differences in what these duties demand and how they are to be explained.

In this paper, I want to focus on the situation of illegal immigrants. I will discuss several different answers to the question about what ethical responsibility we have to provide health care to illegal immigrants….

I believe that a sound ethical response to the question of illegal immigration requires some understanding of the work that illegal immigrants do. Most undocumented workers do the jobs that citizens often eschew. They do difficult and disagreeable work at low wages for small firms in the informal sector of the economy. In general, they have the worst jobs and work in the worst conditions in such sectors of the economy as agriculture, construction, manufacturing, and the food industry. They pick fruit, wash dishes, move dirt, sew clothes, clean toilets….

A Matter of Desert

The abstract ethical question of whether societies have a responsibility to provide health care for illegal immigrants sometimes becomes a concrete political issue. Rising health care costs, budget reduction programs, and feelings of resentment sometimes transform the ethical question into a political debate. This has happened several times in the United States. In 1996, the Congress debated and passed the “Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act.” This law made all immigrants ineligible for Medicaid, although it did allow the federal government to reimburse states for emergency treatment of illegal immigrants….

Although it is true that illegal aliens have violated a law by entering or remaining in the country, it is not clear what the moral implication of this point is. Nothing about access to health care follows from the mere fact that illegal aliens have violated a law. Many people break many different laws. Whether a violation of a law should disqualify people from public services probably depends on the nature and purpose of the services, the nature and the gravity of the violation, and many other matters.

Consider one example of a violation of the law. People sometimes break tax laws by working off the books. They do certain jobs for cash in order to avoid paying taxes or losing benefits. Moreover, this practice is probably well quite common. I recently asked students in two of my classes if they or anyone in their extended family had earned money that was not reported as taxable income. In one class, all but two students raised their hands. In the other class, every hand went up.

Increase Your Cardio And Watch Your Ripped Abs Develop

A great way to get you back on track to your fat loss mission is not by doing hundreds of crunches and then expecting ripped abs. Cardio is a must to reduce excessive body fat. Interval
training will multiply your results. Cardio fat burning exercises will help you lose fat instead of just muscle and water weight – which is not something that will happen if you just go on a regular diet.
Cardio, too, will help kick up your metabolism. Avoid cardio-overdrive at all times, this is doing too much cardio training that prevents your body from recovering. Recovery is the name of the game.

Combined with a good weight training regimen and a low fat diet in just a few months you will notice great results. Weight training combines building muscle tone and working the cardiovascular
system as well. Plus it also helps your joints. Pick your favorite days to train your muscles, it is recommended that you do it every other day, remember to rest. As mentioned earlier give your
body ample time to recover and regenerate. Don’t workout if your are dead sore, simply wait a few days and go at it again. Tip for recovering fast: drink plenty of water and take a protein
shake before bed time.

Your cardio workouts such as Jogging, Swimming, soccer etc. should be done first thing in the morning for more effective metabolism boosts throught out your day for best results.
Don’t have to but I have personaly noticed dramatic differences in my energy levels, when I start the day with a nice 20min jog.

Weight training preserves muscle mass, and increases body posture as your body tones up. Far better to have stronger supporting muscles than weaker skinny ones. Weight training also has more
immediate benefits and results. Weight training is not only an important addition to any exercise program, it can also be fun.

Always make your workouts fun and enjoyable, never go in the gym with a bad attitude as later you may feel bad about yourself because you didn’t do what you said you would. Give your self a positive
pep talk before going in the gym and tell yourself you are worth have an incredible body. If you notice low energy levels through out your day, check your diet and get your zzz’s every night at
least 7 full uninterruped hours.

Hope it helps, remember, weight training is a process not an overnight deal. You must be consistent and listen to your body for clues. If you hurt, stop rest for a few days and reload with something
different. There is no magic workout or a secret pill that will make it happen, there is only you, get your ripped abs follow through and finish strong.

Infertility: A Source of Marital Conflict

The first few months of marriage was nothing but bliss. The couple lived in the proverbial paradise on earth as they enjoyed each other’s company as newlyweds. People would often see them walking hand in hand as they strolled along the beach. They still regularly went out on a movie date just like they used to in high school.

However, on their third year of marriage, things slowly began to change. Friends and family began to wonder why, after three years of marriage, the couple was still childless. Soon enough, Robert and Meryl also began to feel the pressure and frustration of not having a child to call their own. The empty nest began to take a toll on their romance as the feelings of incompleteness began to seep in.

Soon after, Meryl began showing signs of obsession about getting pregnant. Ironically, her desire to have a baby caused a rift between her and her husband. Depression cast a dark cloud on their relationship as Meryl developed strong feelings of inadequacy for not having been able to conceive after several years of marriage.

Robert also had to grapple with his own stress and anxiety about being childless. He would often feel embarassed about not having any stories about his own child whenever his friends would open up the topic of marriage and family during their regular get-togethers. The couple also found family reunions and other occasions with relatives to be quite awkward. The couple would often be surrounded by children of their siblings and relatives, all time wondering if they would ever have children of their own. Robert and Meryl always had to dodge questions about the fact that they were still without child.

The worse thing that happened about Robert and Meryl’s relationship is that they slowly began to blame each other. The stress and anxiety in their relationship almost took a toll on their marriage. Far from the almost idyllic relationship they had when they first started as a newlyweds, the couple began to have more and more fights.

A concerned friend mustered enough courage to ask the couple to consider going to a counselor. The couple’s friend also advised them to see a doctor who specializes in fertility issues. Fortunately, the couple decided to follow their friend’s advice. After a series of tests, the doctor told Meryl and Robert that she was perfectly capable of conceiving a child. The doctor also advised Robert to get more sleep and rest periods that would help him improve his sperm count.

Like Robert and Meryl, many couples experience problems with infertility. In fact, in the Unites States alone, an estimated six million couples face infertility challenges every year. About 10 percent of all married couples in America struggle with the issue of being childless, a situation that causes emotional as well as relational problems.

Infertility is defined by doctors as a condition when a couple fails to attain pregnancy after one year of regular and unprotected intercourse. Under ideal circumstances, the probability that a woman will get pregnant during a single menstrual cycle is only about 30%.

In most cases, infertility is caused by a combination of factors that prevent conception from occurring. Based on recent studies, infertility affects one in 25 American men. Infertility cases in men are due to low sperm count or poor sperm quality. In most industrialized countries like the U.S, sperms counts have been in decline supposedly due to the increased work load and hectic lifestyle of the male population.

Perils of Staying Awake All Night Long

People sleep in order to function in a healthy and normal way. Sleep is a dynamic process during which the brain is very active. Millions of people in the United States are suffering from chronic long-term sleep disorders each year. This does not include yet those other millions of people who are suffering from occasional sleep problems.
There are more than 70 different sleep disorders that are generally classified into one of three categories:
· lack of sleep – insomnia
· disturbed sleep – obstructive sleep
· excessive sleep – narcolepsy
Sleep disorders, when properly diagnosed, can be easily managed. The most common sleep disorder is insomnia which occurs more often in women and in the elderly. People with sleep disorders can take over-the-counter sleep aid drugs, which are most effective for an occasional sleepless night.
Age is a significant factor in determining the amount of sleep that a person needs to function normally. Infants, for instance, sleep most of the day for about 16 hours while teenagers usually need about 9 hours a day. Adults need an average of 7 to 8 hours of sleep a day. However, the elderly usually have shorter periods of sleep and spend less time in deep stages of sleep. About 50% of adults over the age of 65 have some type of sleep disorder, although it is not clear whether this is a normal part of aging or a result of medications that older people commonly use.
The ability to sleep and to wake up are influenced by various chemical changes in the brain and in the blood. There are certain foods and medicines that alter the balance of these chemicals which also affect how well we sleep. Examples of these are caffeine which can cause insomnia, and antidepressants which can cause a loss of REM or Rapid Eye Movement in sleep. Also, smoking and alcohol can greatly contribute in a loss of deep sleep. Both REM and deep sleep are essential parts of the normal sleep cycle.

Avoid mixing alcohol and sleep aid drugs. Alcohol can increase the sedative effects of the pills even in small amount, causing dizziness, confusion, or fainting. Alcohol in itself can already cause insomnia.
There are five stages of sleep cycle that repeats over and over during a single night’s rest: stages 1, 2, 3, 4 and REM (rapid eye movement). Stages 1 through 4 are also known as non-rapid eye movement sleep (NREM). About 50% of sleep time is spent in stage 2 and about 20% is spent in REM which is normally more than 2 hours a night in adults. A complete sleep cycle, from the beginning of stage 1 to the end of REM, usually takes about an hour and a half.
During stage 1, the muscles begin to relax and a person can still be easily awakened. This is called light sleep. In stage 2, the brain activity slows down and eye movement stops. Deep sleep comes in stages 3 and 4, during which all eye and muscle movement ceases. During deep sleep, it can be hard to wake a person. Stage 3 is characterized by very slow brain waves (delta waves), interspersed with small, quick waves. In stage 4, the brain waves are all delta waves.
Sleep-walking and bed-wetting among children are experienced during deep sleep. On the other hand, dreams occur during REM sleep when the muscles of the body stiffen, the eyes move, the heart rate increases, breathing becomes more rapid and irregular, and the blood pressure rises.
Sleep inadequacy can have severe detrimental effects on health. Studies have shown that sleep is essential for normal immune system function and for healthy cell growth. Sleep also is essential for normal nervous system function and the ability to function both physically and mentally. In addition, sleep is also necessary to promote a relax attitude. A person who always gets enough and complete sleep is generally more focused and ready to learn.
When you are having a hard time getting a good night’s sleep, prescription or over-the-counter sleep aid drugs may be an option. Be sure to use them safely and with advice from your physician. If your doctor suspects a sleep problem, he or she will look at your overall health and sleep habits.

Health Care Services Help Loved Ones With the Issues They Face

Most people are fortunate enough to live much of their lives with out worrying too much about how they will be cared for if they are unable to care for themselves – or, perhaps more importantly, how they would care for loved ones who need ongoing medical attention.

In-home health care services are an option that helps to minimize hospital stays. While our hospitals are very capable of providing adequate treatment, there are a number of advantages to in home nursing care.

Hospitals are busy places. Patients receive care, but, with an ever growing case load, hospital workers are stretched to make sure everyone has everything they need. Nursing care in the home is one-on-one, so all the patient’s needs are looked after.

Hospitals need to be utilitarian. That means hard floors, walls all the same neutral colours and medical equipment at the ready. This helps the hospital function better, but it can make patients uncomfortable. Home health care means patients are cared for in the comfort of their own home.

Hospitals are not always the best place to recover. Long-term stays in a hospital can make recuperation take longer. In home care has the opposite effect, patients have familiar comfortable surroundings which helps them to recover much quicker.

Patients with chronic conditions, or those needing palliative care, find the strength that comes from receiving health care in their home helps them to deal with the physical and emotional hardships that result from their condition. In home care gives a patient a greater sense of dignity, independence and pride that can make it easier for them to deal with the issues they face.

The advantages can be lost, however, if the wrong in home health care service is used. You need a home care professional who is a qualified home health care provider. They need to know about what ails the patient, its symptoms and the proper way to use any equipment that’s needed.

The home healthcare specialists at Qualicare are registered nurses who are specially trained in home nursing procedures. They know the healthcare system and can get the most benefit from it for you.